Shoushan National Natural Park has unique coral reef vegetation, a diverse organism population, and a multitude of natural resources preserved by years of military control of Shoushan and Gueishan. of Shoushan and Gueishan. The park is a treasure trove of abundant plant and animal resources, making it the perfect place for natural science research and education.
The vegetation in Shoushan can be classified into two types: original and human intervention vegetation. The original vegetation is mainly distributed on the hills and include species such as dominant societies of grassland, Vitex quinata and Kleinhovia hospita; dominant societies of common Papermulberry, Macaranga, and Molucca Mallotus; dominant societies of Taiwan Acacia and Subcostate Crape Myrtle; Ficus dominant societies; Naves Ehretia dominant societies; and dominant societies of Poisonous Wood Nettle and Chinese Taro. There are also introduced or invasive species like the dominant societies of Kassod Tree and Flamboyant tree.
Species that grow on human intervention lands, such as the mining areas and the cultivated lands and buildings near the foot of the mountain, includes the following Taiwan Acacia, Beef Wood, White Popinac, Flamboyant tree, Ficus tree, Linden Hibiscus, Indian Almond, Mahogany, Para grass and Bahia grass. Species on roadsides of the industrial roads include Roxburg Sumac, Macaranga, Common Papermulberry, Taiwan Acacia, and Silver-grass. Rattan species include Purple Flower Bean, Morning Glory, Humble Plant, and Weed Passion Flower.
The vegetation in the Banpingshan area can be classified into 3 types. 1) Restored vegetation in the cement plants, which mainly distribute on the eastern half and on the ridgeline. The species on the ridgeline are mainly Taiwan Acacia and White Popinac; the eastern half are mostly original species like Flame Gold-rain tree, Linden Hibiscus, Taiwan Acacia, Poonga-oil Tree, and Indian Almond. 2) Grasslands embedded mostly on steep rocky cliffs and on the ridgeline. Dominant species include Silver grass, Smallflower Beggarticks, and White Cogongrass. 3) Natural secondary forest mainly distributed on the western and northeastern sections of the mountain. Dominant species are Common Papermulberry, Macaranga, and some original Large-leaved Banyan and Ficus trees.
The vegetation in the Gueishan area is fewer due to its smaller surface area, having species such as Longan, Common Papermulberry, Macaranga, Naves Ehretia and Kamala Tree.
The common vegetation in the Qihoushan areaincludes the Swinhoe Fig, Macaranga, Filiform Cassytha, White Popinac, Sisal Agave, Naves, Ehretia, Coral Vine, Common Papermulberry, Linden Hibiscus, Milk bush, Common Lantana Yellow sage, Beef-wood, and Beach Morning Glory. The dominant tree species of the shrub layer includes Naves Ehretia, White Popinac, Swinhoe Fig, Common Papermulberry, Ficus tree, Macaranga, Coral Vine, Linden Hibiscus and Creepy Mallotus. The dominant tree species of the ground layer vegetation include White Popinac, Strengthvine Malaisia, Passiflora suberosa Linn, Grandular Petioluled Passiflora Common Achranthes, Pilose Beggarticks, Japanese Snail seed, Alligator Weed, Chinese fever vine and Common Jasmine Orange.