Animal resources:

The protected mammal species in Shoushan include the Formosan Macaque, Formosan gem-faced civet, and Formosan Reeve’s muntjac; other commonly seen mammals are Red-bellied tree squirrel, brown rat, Asian house shrew and the house bat.

Common bird species found in this area are the Crested Goshawk, Chinese Bamboo Partridge, Emerald Dove, Red Turtle Dove, Pacific Swallow, Taiwan Hwamei, Grey-cheeked Fulvetta, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Tawny-flanked Prinia, Yellow-bellied Wren Warbler, Nutmeg Mannikin, Red-headed Tree Babbler, Black-naped Blue Monarch, Japanese White-eye, Black-browed Barbet, and Chinese bulbul. The protected species are Crested Goshawk, Crested Serpent Eagle, Black-baoed Tern, Little Tern, Hwamei, Japanese Paradise Flycatcher and Collared Scops Owl.
Commonly seen snakes in this region are cobras, Green bamboo viper and Stink rat snake. Cobras along with Banded krait and pointed-scaled pit viper are rare and protected species. Species of lizards include Swinhoe’s Japalura, Long-tailed skink, Brown grass lizard, Coastal skink, Formosan smooth skunk, Hemidactylus bowringii, house lizards, Tantiger and Formosan grass lizard. The coastal skink is only found in the coastal rocks, while the Formosan smooth skunk are commonly found under the Ficus tree forests.
 Amphibians are not common in this area; species include Spectacled toad, Ornata narrow-mouthed toad, Stejneger’s narrow-mouthed toad, and rice field frog.


The most frequently found mollusks in Shoushan are snails, which usually appear in large groups. Common species are Giant African land snail, Acusta plicosa, Camaena succinctus, Aegista lautsi brachylasia, Umbonium suturale, Cyclophorus moellendorffi, Leptopoma nitidum taivanum, Euphaedusa eumegetha, Hemiphaedusa similaris, luchuena taivanica (Moellendorff), ALlopeas gracilis, Indoennea bicolor, OOphana heudei, Liardetia yaeyamaensis, Petalochlamys formosana, Chalepotaxis spadix cinctus, Platyrhaphe swinhoei, and Laevicaulis alte.


Shoushan has an abundant insect population with many types and species. Commonly seen families are Odonata, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Diptera, Mantodea, Blattodea, Homoptera, Neuroptera and Lepidoptera. Butterfly species include Papilio protenor amaura, Golden Birdwing, Papilio polytes, Kaniska canace drilon, Satyridae, Chilades laius koshuensis, Megisba Malaya sikkima, Syntarucus plinius, Papilio memnon heronus, and Tirumala limniace. The Golden Birdwing is one of the rare and protected species in this region.


The biological distribution of the Banpingshan area is simpler by comparison. A few individuals of the Formosan macaques and Formosan gem-faced civet, long thought to be gone from Banpingshan, can be found in recent years. Other mammals include the red-bellied squirrel and Asian house shrew.


Protected bird species include the Crested Goshawk, Brown Shrike, Taiwan Hwamei, Oriental Honey Buzzard, Eurasian Buzzard, and Hwamei. When The large-leaved banyan and banyan trees are fruiting, species such as Grey-cheeked Fulvetta, Red-headed Tree Babbler and Brown Thrush can be seen.


Insects found in Banpingshan include the Leptosia nina niobe, Catopsilia pyranthe, Eurema blanda arsakia, Zizina otis riukensis, Syntarucus plinius, Psacothea hilaris hilaris, Mesosa perplexa, Papilio memnon heronus, Graphium sarpedon connecens, Ideopsis similis, Neptis hylas lulculenta, Mycalesis mineus, and Hypolimnas bolina kezia.

Reptiles include the spectacled toad, Hekou’s Gecko, house lizard and Swinhoe’s Japalura.


Mammals found in the Gueishan area are the red-bellied squirrel, house shrew, and Formosan lesser horshoe bat. Common bird species are those found in plains, including the protected species of Chinese Goshawk, Crested Goshawk, and Brown Shrike. Alien species include the Mysterious Starling and White-rumped Shama. Reptile species include house lizard, Common sun skink and Swinhoe’s japalura. 


Insect species include the Papilio polytes pasikrates, Papilio demoleus libanius, Graphium Agamemnon, Leptosia nina niobe, Catopsilia pyranthe, Eurema blanda arsakia, Eurema andersoni godana, Neptis hylas luculenta, Elymnias hypermnestra hainana, Neopithecops zalmora, Zizula hylax, Celastrina lavendularis himilcon, Lampides boeticus, and Leptotes plinius.

Mammalian species in the Qihoushan include the red-bellied squirrel, Brown country rat, brown rat and house shrew. Bird species are rare and include species on the edge of the forest, such as the endemic species of Formosan Magpie, Chinese bulbul, White-eared Sibia, and Taiwan Hwamei. Protected species include Crested Goshawk, Crested Serpent Eagle, Browth Shrike and Rufous Laughing Thrush.


Reptilian species include Swinhoe’s japalura, house lizard, Hemidactylus bowringiiand Common sun skink.

Insects include the Papilio memnon heronus, Papilio polytes, Papilio demoleus libanius, Papilio demoleus libanius, Eurema blanda arsakia, Pieris rapae crucivora, Eurema adersoni godana, Hebomoia glaucippe formosana, Neptis hylas lulculenta, Ideopsis similis, Euploea tulliolus koxinga, Syntarucus plinius, Zizula hylax, Olla v-nigrum, Synona consanguinea, Anomala expansa expansa, and Olenecamptus taiwanus.